Completed | Under Construction | Proposed | Demolished. A stadium (plural stadiums or stadia) is a place or venue for (mostly) outdoor sports, concerts, Basketball is the most popular arena (or indoor stadium) sport in the world. Large race circuits and large horse racing tracks are not stadiums, but. The following is a lists of stadiums throughout the world. Contents. 1 By capacity; 2 By region List of stadiums by capacity · List of closed stadiums by capacity · List of covered stadiums by capacity · List of indoor arenas by capacity.
or Arenas Stadiums
Suites are where stadiums and arenas cater to VIP visitors. The bowl of the stadium or area is truly where the action is, the crux of the entertainment provided by the venue. With industry leading audio solutions and dynamic entertainment lighting solutions, HARMAN offers the perfect solution for the next game or special event. The entertainment may reside in the bowl, but each guest will spend a large amount of time in areas like concessions, restrooms, and souvenir shops.
Locker rooms allow players to rest and reconnect before or after a game. With digital signage, video distribution, and audio solutions from HARMAN, stadium owners can provide players with a comfortable and engaging experience.
HARMAN is the partner who can do it all, including stunning architectural lighting outside the facility, clear and powerful audio and lighting in the bowl, digital signage in guest suites, and a continued, connected experience in the concourse and beyond.
All of the 19th-century wooden parks were replaced, some after only a few years, and none survive today. Goodison Park was the first purpose-built football stadium in the world. Walton -based building firm Kelly brothers were instructed to erect two uncovered stands that could each accommodate 4, spectators.
A third covered stand accommodating 3, spectators was also requested. No football was played; instead the 12, crowd watched a short athletics event followed by music and a fireworks display. The architect Archibald Leitch brought his experience with the construction of industrial buildings to bear on the design of functional stadiums up and down the country. His work encompassed the first 40 years of the 20th century.
One of his most notable designs was Old Trafford in Manchester. The ground was originally designed with a capacity of , spectators and featured seating in the south stand under cover, while the remaining three stands were left as terraces and uncovered. These early venues, originally designed to host football matches, were adopted for use by the Olympic Games, the first one being held in in Athens , Greece.
Designed by the engineer J. The infield included a swimming and diving pool. The London Highbury Stadium , built in , was the first stadium in the UK to feature a two-tiered seating arrangement when it was redesigned in the Art Deco style in During these decades, parallel stadium developments were taking place in the U. The Baker Bowl , a baseball park in Philadelphia that opened in its original form in but was completely rebuilt in , broke new ground in stadium construction in two major ways.
The stadium's second incarnation featured the world's first cantilevered second deck tier in a sports venue, and was also the first baseball park to use steel and brick for the majority of its construction. Another influential venue was Boston 's Harvard Stadium , built in by Harvard University for its American football team and track and field program.
It was the world's first stadium to use concrete-and-steel construction. In , concrete-and-steel construction came to baseball with the opening of Shibe Park in Philadelphia and, a few months later, Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. The latter was the world's first three-tiered sporting venue. The opening of these parks marked the start of the "jewel box" era of park construction. Stadiums in ancient Greece and Rome were built for different purposes, and at first only the Greeks built structures called "stadium"; Romans built structures called "Circus.
Both, however, had similar shapes and bowl-like areas around them for spectators. The Greeks also developed the theatre, with its seating arrangements foreshadowing those of modern stadiums. The Romans copied the theatre, then expanded it to accommodate larger crowds and more elaborate settings. The Romans also developed the double-sized round theatre called amphitheatre, seating crowds in the tens of thousands for gladiatorial combats and beast shows. The Greek stadium and theatre and the Roman circus and amphitheatre are all ancestral to the modern stadium.
Domed stadiums are distinguished from conventional stadiums by their enclosing roofs. Many of these are not actually domes in the pure architectural sense, some being better described as vaults , some having truss -supported roofs and others having more exotic designs such as a tensegrity structure.
But, in the context of sports stadiums, the term "dome" has become standard for all covered stadiums,  particularly because the first such enclosed stadium, the Houston Astrodome , was built with an actual dome-shaped roof. Some stadiums have partial roofs, and a few have even been designed to have moveable fields as part of the infrastructure.
The Mercedes-Benz Superdome in New Orleans is a true dome structure made of a lamellar multi-ringed frame and has a diameter of feet m. It is the largest fixed domed structure in the world. Even though enclosed, dome stadiums are called stadiums because they are large enough for, and designed for, what are generally considered to be outdoor sports such as athletics, American football , association football , rugby , and baseball.
Those designed for what are usually indoor sports like basketball, ice hockey and volleyball are generally called arenas. Different sports require fields of different size and shape. Some stadiums are designed primarily for a single sport while others can accommodate different events, particularly ones with retractable seating. Stadiums built specifically for association football are quite common in Europe; however, Gaelic games stadiums such as the incomplete Croke Park would be most common in Ireland, while ones built specifically for baseball or American football are common in the United States.
The most common multiple use design combines a football pitch with a running track , a combination which generally works fairly well, although certain compromises must be made. The major drawback is that the stands are necessarily set back a good distance from the pitch, especially at the ends of the pitch.
In the case of some smaller stadiums, there are not stands at the ends. When there are stands all the way around, the stadium takes on an oval shape.
When one end is open, the stadium has a horseshoe shape. All three configurations open, oval and horseshoe are common, especially in the case of American college football stadiums.
Rectangular stadiums are more common in Europe, especially for football where many stadiums have four often distinct and very different stands on the four sides of the stadium. These are often all of different sizes and designs and have been erected at different periods in the stadium's history. The vastly differing character of European football stadiums has led to the growing hobby of ground hopping where spectators make a journey to visit the stadium for itself rather than for the event held there.
In recent years the trend of building completely new oval stadiums in Europe has led to traditionalists criticising the designs as bland and lacking in the character of the old stadiums they replace. However, since the requirements for baseball and football are significantly different, the trend has been toward the construction of single-purpose stadiums, beginning with Kansas City in — and accelerating in the s.
In several cases, an American football stadium has been constructed adjacent to a baseball park , to allow for the sharing of mutual parking lots and other amenities. With the rise of MLS, the construction of soccer-specific stadiums has also increased since the late s to better fit the needs of that sport. In many cases, earlier baseball stadiums were constructed to fit into a particular land area or city block. This resulted in asymmetrical dimensions for many baseball fields.
This resulted in a large left field dimension but a small right field dimension. To a certain extent, this continues in lower football leagues as well, with TD Ameritrade Park being used as the home stadium of the United Football League's Omaha Nighthawks.
Along with today's single use stadiums is the trend for retro style ballparks closer to downtown areas. Oriole Park at Camden Yards was the first such ballpark for Major League Baseball to be built, using earlyth-century styling with 21st-century amenities. There is a solar-powered stadium in Taiwan that produces as much energy as it needs to function. Stadium designers often study acoustics to increase noise caused by fans' voices, aiming to create a lively atmosphere.
Until the advent of floodlights , most games played on large areas had to rely on natural lighting. Multipurpose interface for linking various tickets and ticketing systems. Integration of 3rd-party solutions. Always keep an overview. Flexible control of access control system components of sports facilities. Take advantage of our expertise in access control systems for the decisive edge over competitors. Your project in safe hands. Control of Visitor Flows Always keep an overview.
A Great Fan Experience Is Built On Great Ideas
Stadiums and Arenas Asia Summit. New Projects and Upgrades to Smart Stadiums that Transform Customer Experiences. 26 - 27 Feb | Grand Copthorne. For the last installment in a five-part series on great music venues, Rolling Stone polled 26 insiders and musicians – from top managers to. Covering stadiums all over the world. We are proud to present you the most comprehensive stadium database on the net, which currently contains 4