Menstrual pain is caused by an excess of prostaglandins. Pain associated with the period is also known as dysmenorrhea (6). Dysmenorrhea. Dysmenorrhea is the medical term for menstrual cramps, which are caused by uterine contractions. Primary dysmenorrhea refers to common menstrual cramps, . Period cramps are definitely a pain—literally and figuratively—but how do you know when period pain is signaling a bigger problem? Here's.
Pain 6. Menstrual
Pain results when part of the muscle briefly loses its supply of oxygen. Menstrual pain from secondary dysmenorrhea is caused by a disease in the woman's reproductive organs. Conditions that can cause secondary dysmenorrhea include:. Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Dysmenorrhea Dysmenorrhea is the medical term for menstrual cramps, which are caused by uterine contractions.
Primary dysmenorrhea refers to common menstrual cramps, while secondary dysmenorrhea results from a disorder in the reproductive organs. Both types can be treated. Overview Diagnosis and Tests Management and Treatment. What causes dysmenorrhea pain of menstrual cramps? How does secondary dysmenorrhea cause menstrual cramps? Conditions that can cause secondary dysmenorrhea include: Endometriosis - A condition in which the tissue lining the uterus the endometrium is found outside of the uterus.
Adenomyosis — A condition where the lining of the uterus grows into the muscle of the uterus. Pelvic inflammatory disease - An infection caused by bacteria that starts in the uterus and can spread to other reproductive organs. Specifically, thiamine vitamin B1 and niacin vitamin B3 have been shown to be helpful in reducing period cramps.
Food sources of B vitamins include:. Omega 3 fatty acids. Always pick an omega 3 fish oil that comes from the refrigerated section of your supplement store, and keep it refrigerated at home. Alternatively, increase your intake of fish on a weekly basis, choose wild-caught rather than farmed, or use flax oil drizzled on meals. The recommendation for vitamin D intake is IU per day for infants, and IU per day for children and adults. However, many people in Canada have deficient or sub-optimal vitamin D levels in their blood.
In women who are vitamin D deficient, correcting the deficiency with supplemented D can reduce menstrual cramps. A deficiency of vitamin E has been shown to increase PGE2, the inflammatory molecule responsible for painful periods.
Supplementing with a safe dose of vitamin E can be one part of a comprehensive plan to help reduce cramps. Vitamin E can also be found in:. These are a large family of healthy compounds found in colourful fruits and vegetables, along side their vitamin-counterparts.
You can also increase your dietary intake of flavonoids by increasing your colourful fruits and vegetables, such as:. I hope you find this article useful! The effect of vitamin D on primary dysmenorrhea with vitamin D deficiency: Gynecological Endocrinology , Early Online: National Institute of Health: Office of Dietary Supplements.
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7 ways to stop period pain from ruining your day
Should you be worried about your period cramps? Here are 6 signs your menstruation pain isn't normal. Periods can turn our regular diet upside down! We may have cravings for sugary treats or, equally, many of us won't feel like eating much at all. Do you dread your monthly cycle due to painful cramps? Many women suffer from painful periods, unaware of the effective natural remedies.