A: Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. The condition can be self-limiting or can progress to fibrosis (scarring), cirrhosis or liver cancer. Hepatitis viruses are. Hepatitis A, B, and C spread in very different ways, causing mild to serious effects on the liver. WebMD's pictures show hepatitis symptoms, how to avoid the. Hepatitis C is a liver infection caused by the hepatitis C virus. There are many forms of the hepatitis C virus, or HCV. Chronic hepatitis C. If your body doesn’t clear the virus on its own after 6 months, it becomes a long-term infection.
Is Hepatitis? What
Several viruses are known to cause hepatitis. Common forms of viral hepatitis include: According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there were about 3, instances of acute hepatitis A infections in the U. This form of hepatitis does not lead to a chronic infection and usually has no complications.
The liver usually heals from hepatitis A within 2 months. However, occasional deaths from hepatitis A have occurred due to liver failure. Hepatitis A can be prevented by vaccination. This form of hepatitis infects between , and , people in the U. Most people recover from the virus within 6 months. However, a few cases cause a life-long, chronic infection.
Chronic hepatitis causes ongoing damage to the liver. The earlier in life hepatitis B is contracted, the more likely it is to become chronic.
People can carry the virus without feeling sick. These people can still spread the virus. Hepatitis B can be prevented by getting a vaccine. Hepatitis C is one of the most common causes of liver disease in the U. It often does not show any symptoms. No vaccine is yet available to prevent hepatitis C. However, it is still considered a serious health risk because it can: Spread easily from person to person. Weaken the body's immune system.
Cause the liver to fail. How does someone get or spread hepatitis? A person can get hepatitis B in many ways, including: Having sex with an infected person. Being in direct contact with infected blood. Getting needle stick injuries. Being transferred from mother to unborn child. Being in contact with an infected person's body fluids. If the infection lasts for six months or longer, the condition is called chronic hepatitis.
Types of Hepatitis Currently, five different viruses are known to cause viral hepatitis: Sometimes called "infectious hepatitis," hepatitis A is spread by eating food or drinking water contaminated with human waste.
Hepatitis A is rarely life-threatening. Also called "serum hepatitis," hepatitis B spreads from mother to child at birth or soon after, and also through sexual contact, contaminated blood transfusions and needles. Hepatitis B may scar the liver cirrhosis and lead to liver cancer. Formerly known as "non-A, non-B hepatitis," hepatitis C is the most common form of viral hepatitis.
It may scar the liver. Hepatitis C infection is common in about 25 percent of people who are HIV-positive. Hepatitis C also infects up to 90 percent of HIV-infected injection drug users. And it is more severe in patients with HIV. This form most often infects intravenous IV drug users who are also carriers of the hepatitis B virus. It is spread only in the presence of the hepatitis B virus and is transmitted in the same ways.
Hepatitis D is a serious health problem because it occurs in those with hepatitis B, increasing the severity of symptoms associated with hepatitis B.
Similar to hepatitis A, hepatitis E is prevalent in countries with poor sanitation. It is rare in North America and rarely life threatening. Fast Facts Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. With hepatitis, the liver stops working well. Viruses cause most hepatitis.
Hepatitis: Viral Hepatitis A, B, & C
Hepatitis refers to an inflammatory condition of your liver. The five common types of hepatitis are caused by a viral infection, but there are other. Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver. It is caused by toxins, certain drugs, heavy alcohol use, bacterial and viral infections. Several viruses are known to cause hepatitis, which refers to inflammation of the liver. There are many causes of hepatitis and prevention is discussed. Hepatitis.