An Overview of Degenerative Arthritis. Also referred to as osteoarthritis, degenerative joint disease, and wear-and-tear arthritis, it occurs when joint cartilage and underlying bone begin to deteriorate, causing progressive pain, stiffness, and joint malformation. Degenerative arthritis is a term synonymous with osteoarthritis, a chronic disorder that damages the cartilage and tissues surrounding a joint. It is sometimes. Sometimes called degenerative joint disease or degenerative arthritis, osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common chronic condition of the joints, affecting approximately 27 million Americans. In OA, the cartilage breaks down, causing pain, swelling and problems moving the joint.
Many people with arthritic changes will describe stiffness or localized aching at the involved area. People may have difficulty turning or bending their neck. Specific movements, including physical activity or prolonged positioning may exacerbate pain. Headaches may originate in the neck. Crepitus, or a grinding noise may be heard with movement. Symptoms tend to improve with rest, and are worst in the morning and at the end of the day.
In severe cases, arthritic changes may place pressure on a nerve root, pinching that nerve and causing pain, sensation changes or weakness in that root.
Pinching of the nerve is called radiculopathy. If nerves are involved, people may sense radiculopathy as altered changes in their arms or legs depending on the location of the spondylosis.
Degenerative changes can cause spinal stenosis and apply pressure on the spinal cord. When the spinal cord senses pressure on it, it may cause myelopathy: At Virginia Spine Institute, our providers will take a detailed medical history and conduct a comprehensive physical exam paying special attention to your range of motion and neurologic function. Signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis include:. Osteoarthritis occurs when the cartilage that cushions the ends of bones in your joints gradually deteriorates.
Cartilage is a firm, slippery tissue that permits nearly frictionless joint motion. In osteoarthritis, the slick surface of the cartilage becomes rough. Eventually, if the cartilage wears down completely, you may be left with bone rubbing on bone.
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease that worsens over time. Joint pain and stiffness may become severe enough to make daily tasks difficult. Some people are no longer able to work. When joint pain is this severe, doctors may suggest joint replacement surgery. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version.
Overview Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, affecting millions of people worldwide. Osteoarthritis of the spine In osteoarthritis of the spine, disks narrow and bone spurs form.
Osteoarthritis of the hip The hip joint shown on the left side of the image is normal, but the hip joint shown on the right side of the image shows deterioration of cartilage and the formation of bone spurs due to osteoarthritis.
Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. References Glyn-Jones S, et al. Normally, it is the bone, not the cartilage, that absorbs most of the impact forces on the extremities. This "stiff bone" hypothesis suggests that mechanical overloading on the joints may result in microfractures in subchondral bones underlying the articular cartilage.
The repair of the fractures leads to a net local increase of the stiffness of the bone. The "stiff bone" provides less cushion for the overlying cartilage and thus forces the cartilage to absorb a greater share of the impact energy.
The repartition of forces eventually leads to the degeneration of the articular cartilage. The relationship between cartilaginous and bony changes in OA is very complex and intertwined. A third and less established hypothesis associates proprioceptive impairment with knee OA. Proprioception refers to the conscious and unconscious perception of joint position and movement. Accurate proprioception is critical to maintain joint stability under dynamic conditions.
Joint stability is important to prevent the wear and tear from mechanical forces on the extremities. The effects of degenerative joint disease can often be controlled by a few basic measures such as diet, exercise, medication and surgery. If you have DJD, your diet should optimize your body weight, so that the joints do not bear large loads which would cause them to wear more quickly.
Joints in a person with DJD should be protected from rough use, particularly those involving sudden impacts. Canes or walkers may help protect the hip and knee and prevent limping. Joint range of motion strength and stability should be maintained by regular gentle exercise.
Surgical treatment for DJD may include removing joint spurs, realigning the joint, fusion of the joint and joint replacement. In the past several years, these operations have become very effective and many people have benefited from joint repair or replacement.
There has been much progress in arthritis research. New information regarding the development structure and degradation of joint cartilage is becoming available.
Scientists are studying the complex ways joints move and fit together and how joints respond to many different stresses and strains. They also are continuing to improve ways to avoid further damage to the bones and tissue. Researchers have also identified a gene that may be linked to the faulty development of cartilage, thus leading to the development of osteoarthritis or other conditions. Finally, surgeons are devising better procedures for restoring comfort and function to joints affected by arthritis.
Some of this material may also be available in an Arthritis Foundation brochure. Adapted from a pamphlet originally prepared for the Arthritis Foundation. This material is protected by copyright. You are here Home Osteoarthritis.
Osteoarthritis Follow our blog http: Basics of osteoarthritis Osteoarthritis or degenerative joint disease DJD is a form of arthritis characterized by the loss of joint smoothness and range of motion without major joint inflammation. Facts and myths Fact: Osteoporosis and osteoarthritis are two different diseases with opposite bone density problems. Drinking milk cannot prevent osteoarthritis Milk is an excellent source for calcium which is important for bone formation.
Osteoarthritis does not cause bone erosion.
Symptoms & Conditions
Osteoarthritis is sometimes referred to as degenerative arthritis or degenerative joint disease. It is the most common type of arthritis because it's often caused by. Crystal deposits in the cartilage can cause cartilage degeneration, and osteoarthritis. Uric acid crystals cause arthritis in gout, while calcium. Osteoarthritis is also known as degenerative joint disease. It is a condition in which the protective cartilage that cushions the tops of bones.