Do you know the difference between cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)? I can remember back to just a few years ago where . THC and CBD are two buzzwords that seem to be on everyone's lips when they wondering what's the difference when it comes to THC vs CBD? . and even more on an in-depth cannabis growhouse tour so make sure to. Cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), are the two start for an in- depth review of the similarities, differences, and interactions.
CBD vs. Comparison: THC In-depth
These two compounds both interact with the body's endocannabinoid system, but they have very different effects on the user. The first and most important concept to talk about is the psychoactivity of these two compounds. The two molecules share a very similar chemical makeup, yet have very different effects on the mind. THC is most commonly found in marijuana strains that are bred to maximize these psychoactive properties. CBD Cannabidiol is the new rockstar cannabinoid that made its big push into the public spotlight in This molecule has been growing in popularity thanks to its wide range of research-backed health benefits.
Both of these phytocannabinoids naturally occurring cannabinoids interact with the endocannabinoid system in the body. Specifically, they both interact with the CB1 receptors found primarily in the central nervous system and the CB2 receptors found primarily in the immune system. THC is a partial agonist which activates the cannabinoid receptors to produce the 'stoned' feeling. CBD acts as an indirect antagonist of the same receptors.
CBD is known to interfere with the binding of THC, explaining the psychoactive dampening effects when taken in combination. Those seeking relief may prefer to use one, the other, or both more below compounds depending on their preference or tolerance for the psychoactive 'high' associated with THC use. Part of CBD's wide acceptance has been the presence of minimal side effects. The molecule is well tolerated, even by individuals taking large doses for an extended period of time.
Most side effects of CBD observed in research can be attributed to interactions with other medications. THC, on the other hand, carries a list of well known, yet non-severe side effects that are due to the compound's psychoactive properties. Temporary side effects include:. Research on THC does point to negative psychiatric effects with long-term use. These risks may be higher for younger users with developing brains. Neither compound has been directly linked to a human death, both are non-fatal.
While each compound alone may produce many beneficial effects, research has proved that consuming a full range of cannabis compounds together provides increased overall effectiveness. This cooperative relationship between cannabinoids is called the 'entourage effect'. This principle can encourage the use of cannabis products which contain a wide range of plant components rather than a single, isolated molecule. There are two different approaches to the use of cannabis-derived products today revolving around the psychoactive properties of THC.
Unlike recreational use, medical cannabis users are often not looking for a high but instead looking for maximum medicinal properties with minimal psychoactive effects. This desire can be contradicted by the entourage effect since these compounds provide additional benefits when used together. For medicinal marijuana users looking for a high with medicinal benefits, a high-CBD strain may be just the answer. For CBD users who do not wish to alter their mental state, yet wish to gain the maximum medical benefit, a full-spectrum product is desirable.
This legal status applies to both compounds simply because the laws established in the 's state that derivatives of the cannabis plant are illegal. Contradicting this federal law, a growing number of states are implementing both medical and recreational marijuana laws which make both compounds legal. Additionally, most states without marijuana laws have implemented some sort of CBD-specific legalization. In practice, CBD products containing less than 0.
In states where medical marijuana is legal, you must gain a doctors approval to consume high-THC cannabis. The increased popularity of CBD has led many users to raise questions about the methods of extracting and administering CBD. The main question is which form provides the most effective range of medical benefits for the user.
The two most common forms of extracted CBD found in stores are full-spectrum whole-plant extract and pure CBD isolate. Most users prefer the full-spectrum option. As CBD's usefulness for medical purposes has become more accepted over the years, new methods of administering it have continued to evolve.
This has left some users concerned not just with which form of extracted CBD is most effective or what the proper dosage for them may be, but also with which method of supplementation gives the user the most relief in the right amount of time.
Some of the most common methods include applying it sublingually, topically, or taking it in capsules. Vaping cbd is regarded by many to be the most bio-available way to administer, and as such, this has led to an increase in the demand for CBD isolate. This form of CBD is different from full-spectrum CBD extract in that it only contains CBD and none of the other cannabinoids, terpenes, or healthy fatty acids that commonly result from the whole-plant extraction process.
Cannabis, with its complex chemical structure, contains over active cannabinoids aside from CBD. It also contains terpenes, which have anti-inflammatory properties, and are regarded as increasing the efficacy of cannabinoids. Although they are not rated as important as CBD when it comes medical benefits, some of these other cannabinoids have been found to have symptom alleviating qualities as well.
The cannabinoids CBN and CBG for example, are found in most full-spectrum extracts and studies have shown that both contain anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, and pain relieving properties. Whole-plant extracts typically contain a carefully measured amount of the cannabis plant's most prominent cannabinoid, THC, although usually not in a large enough amount to have any psychological effects.
In many countries, a certain percentage of THC is illegal, so it is vital to know the amount of this cannabinoid when manufacturing products that contain full-spectrum CBD. When present together, CBD and its cannabinoid colleagues, as well as terpenes, produce what is known as an entourage effect. The synergistic relationship between cannabinoids and terpenes has been shown to increase the healing properties of each. A study published by the Lautenberg Center for Immunology and Cancer Research, which aimed its focus on the effectiveness of CBD isolate compared to full-plant extract, supported this concept, stating in its summary that "in all of the tests, the isolated CBD was ineffective both before and after a certain dosage, while the effectiveness of the full-spectrum solution continued to increase as higher doses were administered.
The results all indicate that CBD is only effective against swelling and pain at a certain dose, and that cannabis solutions containing a full range of cannabinoids will continue to provide corresponding effects as the dosage is increased. Given the results of this study, it would seem to confirm that full-spectrum extract is preferable over CBD isolate for most CBD users, but CBD isolate is still frequently used and believed by some to be more effective than full-plant extract.
This belief is led by the idea that CBD is the only medically sought after cannabinoid in the cannabis plant, aside from THC. Many CBD isolate users are under the impression that by consuming only the CBD cannabinoid and no terpenes or any other "unnecessary" components of the plant, they are getting a more powerful or effective dose of CBD. When vaping a CBD extract, which as stated previously, is considered to be the most efficient and quick-acting method of administering CBD, isolate users may feel that they are taking the most efficient route to CBD consumption.
THC vs CBD
Let Black Bear Hemp give you an in-depth look into these cannabinoids and the difference between CBD vs THC effects in your body. Both THC & CBD interact with cannabinoid receptors, but the types of effects brought about by these compounds couldn't be more different. Find out how THC and CBD produce effects, how they work together to The only difference I can remember would be in the case of epilepsy.