NHS offers advice on how to deal with croup which causes barking coughCroup is an infection of the voice box larynx and windpipe trachea. These are the upper and lower parts of the breathing tube steroids for croup nhs connects the mouth to the top of the lungs. The usual cause of croup is a viral infection. Croup often causes mild symptoms that get better quickly. Sometimes the symptoms can be more serious and include problems with breathing.
Croup | Symptoms and Treatment | Patient
Croup is an infection of the voice box larynx and windpipe trachea. These are the upper and lower parts of the breathing tube that connects the mouth to the top of the lungs. The usual cause of croup is a viral infection. Croup often causes mild symptoms that get better quickly. Sometimes the symptoms can be more serious and include problems with breathing. It's really important that your child be seen by a doctor if you think they have croup.
Children with croup who have difficulty with breathing need immediate admission to hospital. Croup is common in young children, especially between the ages of 6 months and 3 years. Some children have two or more bouts of croup in their childhood. The viral infection can pass from person to person, especially if there is close contact.
Croup often occurs in outbreaks or epidemics in the winter. Croup is uncommon after the age of 6 years. Older children can get the same viruses but the breathing tube becomes wider and stronger so the virus doesn't usually cause croup. However, teenagers and, very rarely, adults can get croup. The symptoms are often worse at night. Typically, during the day a child may have a croupy cough with cold symptoms but not be too unwell.
However, at night the cough and breathing symptoms often become worse. Symptoms usually peak after days and then improve. A mild but irritating cough may last a further week or so. An infection by a virus that causes croup in a young child may cause a cough or sore throat in an older child or adult but is unlikely to cause the breathing symptoms of croup described below. However, rarely, symptoms of croup can occur in teenagers or adults.
Symptoms are often fairly mild but sometimes become severe. Many children just get a croup cough with some cold symptoms.
Any breathing difficulty is often mild. Parents can expect to have one or two disturbed nights nursing a coughing child. Most children with croup remain at home and soon recover. The main concern is if severe narrowing of the breathing tube develops. If this occurs then breathing can become difficult. About 1 in 10 children with croup are admitted to hospital for observation. This is usually if symptoms suggest a narrowing of the breathing tube.
Most children admitted to hospital come home within 24 hours as symptoms usually improve quickly. In a small number of cases, a ventilator is needed to help the child to breathe.
This is just for a short period whilst the infection and inflammation settle down. Always consult a doctor or nurse if you have any concerns about your child.
Most children with croup have mild symptoms and soon get better. However, a small number of children with croup need to be admitted to hospital. In particular, see a doctor quickly if:. A doctor will normally advise on what to do, or whether hospital admission is needed. The sort of advice your doctor may give is as follows:. Did you find this information useful? Cochrane Database Syst Rev.
Epub Aug For the past few days, I've been yawning a lot, much more than average once every few minutes I feel the need. If I'm not yawning I'm breathing in as deep as I can to get similar "satisfaction" This article is for information only and should not be used for the diagnosis or treatment of medical conditions. Patient Platform Limited has used all reasonable care in compiling the information but make no warranty as to its accuracy.
In this article arrow-down How common is croup? Croup In this article How common is croup? What are the symptoms of croup? How serious is croup? When should you seek medical help? What are the treatments for croup? Chronic Persistent Cough in Adults Previous page: Why not subscribe to the newsletter? Subscribe to our newsletter. Further reading and references. What to eat when you have a cold. When to worry about a persistent cough.
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